Humans need to keep their cells functioning properly to sustain life, and they must rely on glucose for energy, and the blood will deliver glucose to the body. If you look at the chemical structure, glucose is a monosaccharide, and the structure is simple and easy to use; Starches such as rice or sweet potatoes are polysaccharide foods, which may consist of 3 or more "monosaccharides". Usually, the more complex the structure, the longer it takes to decompose into glucose, so the blood sugar will not soar rapidly, which is more conducive to the control of the body's blood sugar. For us people, how to distinguish the difference between sugar and sugar, especially for diabetic patients, is very important.
Can't tell the difference between "sugar" and "sugar"? The following explanation, let you understand once. Monosaccharide vs. disaccharide photo background removing vs. polysaccharide, the more complex the molecular structure, the slower the decomposition and absorption Zhang Silan, a nutritionist at Neihu Cathay Clinic, said that the more complex the chemical formula of sugars, the more the body needs to process and decompose. Only glucose (monosaccharides) can be transported in the blood and used by cells. The simpler the structure of sugars, such as sucrose or fructose, etc. , Digestion and decomposition rate is very fast, which can make blood sugar levels rise. If it is a polysaccharide food such as starch, the rate of decomposition into glucose is slower, and the rate of blood sugar rise is not so fast.
The amount of blood glucose (blood sugar), generally speaking, the human body will stabilize at a stable value, and when the blood sugar level is low, in addition to breaking down liver sugar, muscle protein, and fat to increase the blood sugar level, it will also tell the brain that you are hungry and should To add food. When the body starts to decompose food after eating, various foods can be decomposed into glucose. The body will find a way to send blood glucose into the cells so that the cells can use it. At this time, insulin is the key factor.